Famous People you didn’t know were Czech

People in prague

The People in Prague, and the Czech Republic as a whole, have a rich and diversified past that has drawn many world-famous figures over the years. Many prominent figures, including renowned artists and writers, political leaders, and scientists, have spent time in Prague or the Czech Republic, leaving an unmistakable impact on its cultural, intellectual, and political scene

Many famous people have called Prague home like Jaromir Jagr, Karel Gott, Karel Čapek, Tomáš Rosický, Jaroslav Seifert recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature. The city has also welcomed diplomats, academics, and tourists from all around the globe. Openness and tolerance have been fostered by its cosmopolitan ambiance, architectural beauty, and thriving cultural scene, which have made it a magnet for intellectual interaction and cross-cultural debate.

In addition, Prague is a city of ideas, a crucible of creativity, and a lighthouse because of its varied population and long history of immigration. Prague’s rich cultural tradition has fostered various talents over the years. Today, we’ll take a journey through time, exploring a captivating list of important people from various backgrounds who were born, died, studied, lived, or achieved success in this bustling Czech capital.

5 Famous People Born in the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic has a rich cultural and historical legacy, as well as countless great figures who have made an unforgettable impact on the world stage. Let’s look at the lives and accomplishments of five prominent Czech figures:

Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) was an inventor, electrical and mechanical engineer, and a futurist who studied in 1880 at Prague’s Charles University.

Albert Einstein (1879-1955) was a physicist who taught at the German section of Charles University in Prague from 1911 to 1912.

Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) was an astronomer who died near Prague.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791) was a composer and some of his finest opera hits came during the period he spent in Prague.

Egon Erwin Kisch (1885-1948) was a German-language journalist and writer, who was born, lived, and passed away in Prague.

The above five notable Czechs represent a wide range of areas and achievements, including politics, activism, the arts, and entrepreneurship. Their efforts have had a tremendous and long-lasting impact on the Czech Republic’s cultural, social, and political environment, and they continue to inspire future generations both domestically and internationally.

5 Most Famous People in the Czech Republic 

The People in Prague, Czech, have always been known for their revolutionary spirit and the many ways in which they have changed the world, a narrative eloquently depicted through the lens of Czech photographer Josef Sudek in his captivating visual chronicles of the city’s dynamic inhabitants.

Some of the most famous people from the Czech Republic who have made important contributions to their respective disciplines, including prominent politicians, elite athletes, Nobel Prize winners, and internationally acclaimed authors and singers, are on our list. Here are just a few of the Czechs who have achieved international renown and secured an indelible spot in their country’s history.

From important people and pioneering scientists to renowned artists and visionary thinkers, the following people have helped shape Prague’s history and contributed to its long-lasting charm and relevance:

King Charles IV  (1316-1378)

King Charles
King Charles

The former ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, King of the Bohemians, and primary benefactor of Prague is the most famous Czech person. When Charles I assumed power in 1346, he transformed Prague into the capital of the Roman Catholic Church as well as one of the continent’s most advanced metropolises. 

During his rule, several important landmarks in the nation were built, including the earliest college in Prague (Charles University), the famous Charles Bridge, the biggest park in Karlovo námst, and the wellness town of Karlovy Vary.

Jan Hus, the Great (1369 or 1370–1415) 

This famous person in the Czech Republic was a scholar and professor who became a symbol of Czech nationalism for his work reforming the church. Hus challenged the pope’s supremacy and advocated for building a Bohemian National Church in reaction to what he saw as the abuse of power by the Vatican and the German priests in Prague. In 1414, he was taken into custody after arriving at the Ecclesiastic Council in  Germany, where he had been invited to explain his ideas. In 1415, he was publicly executed for heresy, marking the beginning of what is now known as the Hussite Wars and being celebrated as a national holiday in the Czech Republic. The Czech Brethren are a continuation of his church.

Alphonse Mucha (1860-1939)

This French artist dedicated his life to creating art nouveau paintings, illustrations, and posters. Mucha’s work, which included illustrations, ads, ornamental panels, and designs, quickly became iconic and is among the Czech famous people. Today, there is a Mucha museum dedicated to the artist’s work.

The Author, Franz Kafka (1883–1924)

He was a renowned writer most known for his whimsical and existential writings, including “The Metamorphosis” and “The Trial.” Kafka was born and spent much of his life in Prague, where he practiced law and created his most significant writings.


Franz Kafka was one of the most famous people in the Czech Republic and an influential author of 20th-century German literature. He was born in Prague to a Jewish family. The Trial, Metamorphosis, The Castle, and America are among some of his most well-known books. Kafka’s writing frequently depicted bizarre, claustrophobic, and confusing environments. 

The term “Kafkaesque” is now commonly used to describe those who are “living in absurdity.” The Franz Kafka Museum is a must-see for any traveler to Prague.

Karel Čapek (1890-1938)

He was an influential writer and playwright noted for his science fiction works such as “R.U.R.” (Rossum’s Universal Robots). He created the term “robot,” and contributed to Czech literature and theater with his unique narrative and social commentary.

Jaroslav Seifert (1901-1986)

He was a Nobel Prize-winning poet who contributed to Czech literature with his lyrical poetry and prose, arguing for humanism, freedom, and social justice while also exhibiting the country’s intellectual and literary prowess.

Václav Havel (1936- 2011)

A playwright, essayist, and ex-dissident who also served as the country’s first president is among the list of famous people from the Czech Republic.

The nature of humanity and the mechanics of dehumanized power are key to his literary works. Havel was a major figure in the Charter 77 campaign for democracy in the 1970s and 1980s. Havel was the recipient of a plethora of posthumous medals and honors from the Czech Republic. In 2012, the moniker of Prague’s international airport was changed to honor former Czech president Václav Havel. 

Karel Gott (1939-2019)

The internationally acclaimed singer, known as the “Golden Voice of Prague,” contributed to the nation’s cultural heritage with his memorable music and performances, representing Czech music on a global scale.

Jaromír Jágr (1972-present)

He is a legendary ice hockey player who represented the Czech Republic in international events and inspired future generations of players.

Tomáš Rosický (1980-present)

He is a former professional footballer who represented the Czech Republic in international events such as the UEFA European Championships and FIFA World Cups. He has contributed to the nation’s sporting achievements and inspired young players.

Explore the Artistic World of Alphonse Mucha at Prague’s Municipal House

Step into the captivating world of Alphonse Mucha, a renowned artist of the Art Nouveau movement, at the iMucha Exhibition held in Prague’s Municipal House. Immerse yourself in the enchanting ambiance as you discover over 200 original works by Mucha, including mesmerizing posters, paintings, and drawings, all presented with cutting-edge technology.


  • Experience over 200 original works by the iconic artist Alphonse Mucha
  • Witness the state-of-the-art technology that breathes life into Mucha’s art
  • Engage with a multimedia exhibition featuring the Slav Epic
  • Hear the voice of Alphonse Mucha emanating from his captivating self-portrait
  • Browse the original souvenir shop for unique mementos


  • Admission ticket to the iMucha Exhibition
  • Optional guided tour for a deeper insight into Mucha’s artistry

Experience the cultural hub of the world

People from many walks of life can find common ground in Prague. Old and new meet in Prague, the Czech Republic’s capital. Different kinds of people in Prague blend in everywhere. As a result, a wide variety of cultures have been able to live and flourish in Prague. It’s the country’s largest metropolis, with a population of over a million people.
For more than a thousand years, Prague has served as the heart and largest city of the Czech lands, and it is now the capital of the modern Czech Republic. Some of the most famous people in Prague’s history were either born or died in Prague, attended university there, or achieved some fame or fortune there.

Related Posts